Pinewood Derby Stories and Photos from Maximum Velocity
FEATURE ARTICLE Whoops
Building a pinewood derby car is a blend of art and science. Certainly, getting top speed from the vehicle is the science part, while making a good-looking car requires an artistic touch. The pine block is the art media with which you must work, and it is not always the easiest media to work with. While working with this media, many unplanned events can happen, some of which can be classified in the "Whoops!" category.
For example, you may be working away on your pinewood derby car, when suddenly a big chunk of wood breaks off! What do you do? Or maybe the paint has dried, but a big drop of paint has ran down the side of the car! Can it be fixed?
These - and many other - minor catastrophes happen all the time to pinewood derby car builders. Fortunately, most of these things can be fixed with no lasting damage. To help you deal with these situations, today's feature article will share ideas on how to deal with several "Whoops!" situations.
THE BLOCK SPLITS Blocks can split when too much force is applied, especially if the block had a hidden flaw to begin with. First, to minimize the chance of splitting:
1. Pre-insert a spare axle into each axle slot position or each axle hole before working on the car. Then remove the axles with pliers.
2. Don't use excessive force to insert weight into a hole or cavity in the wood; either make the hole bigger, or the weight smaller.
3. When creating a weight cavity with a chisel, use a sharp tool, and work slowly. Don't try to pry off any more than a thin shaving of wood.
4. Don't drive a screw into the wood without first drilling an appropriate sized pilot hole.
But if the wood does split, try one the following actions:
If the block is still in one piece:
1. Open up the crack by inserting the tip of a small flat blade screwdriver (or another thin metal item) into the crack.
2. Put white glue or yellow Carpenter's glue into the crack.
3. Use a toothpick or something similar to spread the glue in the crack.
4. Remove the screwdriver and clamp the block. If you don't have a clamp, wind masking tape tightly around the block.
5. Wipe off any excess glue, and allow the glue to dry.
If the block is in two pieces that fit well together:
1. Spread white or yellow glue over the entire broken area.
2. Put the two pieces back together.
3. Clamp or tape, wipe off any excess glue, then allow the glue to dry.
If the block does not fit well together, then the best bet is to start again with a new block.
A CHIP BREAKS OFF This is a common occurrence, especially when creating weight pockets around axle slots. To minimize the problem, leave 1/4 inch or more of wood around axle slots, and work very slowly around axle slots.
Axle supports/struts also tend to break off. To minimize this occurrence, insert a spare axle into the axle slot/hole while working on the strut.
If something does break off, here are some ideas to fix the problem. As a bit of encouragement, a good wood glue is very strong, sometimes even stronger than the original wood.
If the chip fits nicely into place:
1. Glue the chip in place with white or yellow glue.
2. Use masking tape to hold the chip in place.
3. Wipe off excess glue, and then allow the glue to dry.
4. Sand the repaired area after the glue dries.
If the chip is small and does not fit nicely into place:
1. Use wood putty to patch the hole.
2. After drying, sand the patched area.
If the chip is large and does not fit nicely into place:
1. Find a piece of pine and cut/carve it to fit roughly into place.
2. Glue the piece of wood in place with white or yellow glue.
3. Sand the area.
4. Use wood putty to fill in any gaps.
A HOLE IS DRILLED IN THE WRONG PLACE This is one of my favorite mistakes. Measure twice and cut (drill) once is the old wood-workers adage, which is an all too easy step to skip. So, to ensure that holes are drilled in the right place, measure and mark the drilling location. Then before drilling, re-check the position of the hole -- is the block turned backwards or upside down?
If the hole is 1/8 inch in diameter or larger:
1. Buy a proper sized dowel rod at the local hardware or craft store.
2. Cut a piece of the dowel rod about 1/2 inch longer than the depth of the hole.
3. Place white or yellow Carpenter's glue into the hole.
4. Insert the dowel rod piece.
5. After the glue dries, trim down the dowel rod with a fine toothed saw (a hacksaw works well).
6. Patch the spot with wood putty and sand.
If the hole is less than 1/8 inch in diameter:
1. Glue one or two toothpicks into the hole.
2. After the glue dries, trim off the excess toothpick material.
3. Patch the spot with wood putty and sand.
A SAW CUT IS MADE IN THE WRONG PLACE If the saw cut was barely started before the error is discovered, then the cut can generally be removed by rounding the area with sandpaper, or by patching the cut with wood putty.
If the saw cut is significant, but does not go all the way through the wood, then the choice is between starting again with a new block, or including the saw cut into the design. For example, if the cut is made such that a mirror cut could be made on the opposite side, then the cut could be a design feature. Note how the saw cuts on the rear of this car represent the feathers of the arrow:
If the saw cut goes completely through the car, then the design must be modified or the process must be started again with a new block. When deciding if the design can be modified, please note that:
1. Cars less than 7 inches long generally run slower than cars of the maximum length.
2. Additional weight may need to be added to compensate for the removed wood.
THE CAR IS DENTED Dents happen very easily to pinewood derby cars. Cars get dropped, or banged into the edge of a table. Fortunately, many dents can be corrected.
If an edge or face of an unpainted car is dented deeply, some wood putty can be used to fill the dent. However, if the dent is shallow, it is oftentimes better to remove the dent by swelling the wood fibers with water.
1. Use a sewing pin to poke several shallow holes in the dented area.
2. Apply a few drops of water to the dent, and allow the water to dry.
3. If the wood does not swell enough to correct the dent, repeat the treatment.
4. Speed up the drying process with a hair dryer.
5. After the wood is dry, sand the affected area.
THE PAINT RUNS ON THE CAR Getting a nice paint job takes practice, a good quality paint (mixed very well), a smooth finish, a painting location with no wind or dust, and the correct ambient temperature. Even then, runs can happen if too much paint is applied.
So first, check the directions on the paint and follow them, especially the application temperature range, and the re-coat time. Next, apply several thin coats of paint, instead of one or two thick coats. When spraying, always keep the can moving; don't hold it still and just spray one spot on the car.
But when the inevitable run does occur don't panic.
1. If you plan on applying additional coats of paint, allow the run to dry and then sand off the run. You may have to sand off quite a bit of paint, and then reapply a few coats. Note that when sanding paint, using dampened wet/dry sandpaper works better than dry sandpaper.
2. If you have finished painting, then cover the run with a nice decal or sticker. Decals are great for hiding paint runs and other flaws in the car finish!
GRAPHITE ALL OVER THE CAR Graphite is a great lubricant, but it is also very messy. Here are a few tips to minimize the amount of graphite that gets on the car:
1. Lubricate the wheels and axles before attaching them to the car. Not only will this keep the car cleaner, it is also easier and results in more thorough lubrication.
2. Wash your hands after lubricating and before touching the car.
3. Allow the paint to completely dry before mounting the wheels on the car.
But inevitably some graphite will get onto the paint. So, here are a few ideas for removing graphite. I suggest testing them on the bottom of the car (or a scrap piece of wood). Paints vary considerably in chemical content, so while these tips will work on some paints, they may not work well on all paints.
1. Erase the graphite with a pencil eraser.
2. Rub the spot with a dab of vegetable oil on a clean rag.
3. Use a baby wipe.
4. Spray some "Simple Green" on a clean rag and wipe.
5. Spray "WD-40" on a clean rag and wipe.
6. Apply a paste wax or car polish with a clean rag.
CONCLUSION I hope this gives you some ideas for correcting the minor catastrophes that occur when working on your car. But remember, mistakes are part of the process, and is a method by which we learn. So be forgiving of yourself or your child (or parent) and move forward. Mistakes happen to everyone, and in the immortal words of Red Green, "Remember, I'm pulling for you; we're all in this together." (Unfortunately, the handyman's secret weapon (duct tape) is not very useful on pinewood derby cars!)